Schopenhauer: spis treści


Acknowledgements xi
List of abbreviations xii
Chronology xiii

Introduction xvi

Life and Works One 1

  • Hamburg 1
  • Gottingen 3
  • Berlin 8
  • Weimar  9
  • Dresden and Berlin Again 10
  • Wander-years 12
  • Frankfurt 13
  • Summary 16
  • Further Reading 16

Metaphysics: The World as Representation two 17

  • Partial Versus Radical Idealism 17
  • Read Kant! 21
  • Realism as Self-Contradictory 25
  • Evolutionary Idealism 28
  • Reason 32
  • Practical Reason 34
  • Perception 36
  • Concepts 39
  • Intuitive Versus Conceptual Knowledge 42
  • Criticism of Schopenhauer on Reason and Perception 44
  • Meaningfulness 46
  • Observations on Schopenhauer's Criterion of Meaningfulness 48
  • Summary 52
  • Further Reading 52

Schopenhauer Metaphysics: The World as Will Three 53

  • Completing the Scientific Image 54
  • Natural Forces 56
  • The Nature of Matter 58
  • The Subjective Versus the Objective Standpoint 60
  • The Black Box Problem 61
  • Will as Character 66
  • Extending the Will 68
  • Bypassing Solipsism 69
  • Organic Nature and Teleology 71
  • Inanimate Nature 74
  • The World-Will 76
  • The Platonic Ideas 77
  • The Influence of Spinoza 78
  • Nature-Pessimism 79
  • Can the Will be 'Blind'? 82
  • Schopenhauer and Darwin 85
  • Summary 87
  • Further Reading 88

Metaphysics: Ultimate Reality Four 89

  • The Early View 89
  • Qualifications 92
  • Metaphysics as 'Deciphering'  94
  • The Possibility of 'Salvation' 98
  • Summary 101
  • Further Reading 102

Art Five 103

  • Schopenhauer Versus Hegel  103
  • The Question: What is Art? 105
  • Everyday Consciousness 108
  • The Aesthetic State 111
  • Aesthetic Pleasure 113
  • The Sublime 115
  • The Lyrical 120
  • Criticism of Schopenhauer on the Sublime and the Lyrical 124
  • The Possibility of Genius 125
  • Summary 127
  • Further Reading 128

Art (continued) six 129

  • The Platonic Ideas 129
  • Art and Knowledge 133
  • The Beautiful 135
  • Art and Philosophy 136
  • Tragedy and the Value of Art 142
  • A Criticism of Schopenhauer's Philosophy of Art 145
  • Music 150
  • The Problem of Opera 153
  • Summary 156
  • Further Reading 157

Ethics Seven 158

  • Can Philosophy Change Your Life? 158
  • Freedom and Character 160
  • Is Philosophy'Dead'? 165
  • Death and Immortality 168
  • Egoism 173
  • Malice 175
  • Altruism 178
  • The Metaphysics of Virtue 180
  • Schopenhauer Criticism of Schopenhauer's Moral Philosophy 181
  • Summary 187
  • Further Reading 187

Salvation Eight 188

  • Denial of the Will 188
  • Denial of the Will and the Unalterability of Character 192
  • Suicide 194
  • Salvation 195
  • Pessimism 206
  • Summary 219
  • Further Reading 220

Schopenhauer's Influence and Legacy Nine 221

  • Schopenhauer and the Philosophers 221
  • Schopenhauer and the Artists 234
  • Schopenhauer and Freud 238
  • Schopenhauer and Evolutionary Views of Man 241
  • Schopenhauer and Us 245
  • Summary 245
  • Further Reading 246

Notes 247
Bibliography 265
Index 268

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